Eventually, the Celtic tongue of the Pennines was replaced by early English as Anglo-Saxons and Vikings settled the area and assimilated the Celts.[54]. 16:38. The first unqualified use of the name "Pennines" to describe the mountain range is found in the spurious book De Situ Britanniae, first published in 1757: This book purported to contain the account of a Roman general preserved in the manuscript of a 14th-century English monk, Richard of Cirencester, an… The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. [13], Following an 1853 article by Arthur Hussey,[15] it has become a common belief that the name derives from a passage in The Description of Britain (Latin: De Situ Britanniæ),[17] an infamous historical forgery concocted by Charles Bertram in the 1740s and accepted as genuine until the 1840s. The United Kingdom is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe.With a total area of approximately 248,532 square kilometres (95,960 sq mi), the UK occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and many smaller surrounding islands. The main article for this category is Pennines. Rising less than 3,000 feet (900 m), the Pennines are fells, with most of the mountainous terrain in the north. It was bored for the overhead electrification of the route and completed in 1953. Other birds whose English breeding strongholds are in the Pennines include golden plover, snipe, curlew, dunlin, merlin, short-eared owl, ring ouzel and twite,[63] though many of these are at the southern limit of their distributions and are more common in Scotland. Category:Pennines. The extent of the region in which Cumbric was spoken is also unknown. [12], Various etymologies have proposed treating "Pennine" as though it were a native Brittonic/Modern Welsh name related to pen- ("head") . [57] On poorly drained impermeable areas of millstone grit, shale or clays the topsoil gets waterlogged in winter and spring. The Pennine Way is a National Trail in England, with a small section in Scotland. The Pennines are the longest mountain range in the UK and largest mountain range that is in England. The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. Landskap i Forest of Bowland. [citation needed] Many customs and stories have their origin in Christianised pagan traditions. Keighley (/ ˈ k iː θ l i / KEETH-lee) is a former mill and market town as well as a civil parish in the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, 11 miles (18 km) north-west of Bradford, 11 miles (18 km) south of Ilkley, 13 miles (21 km), north of Halifax, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Skipton, and 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Leeds at the confluence of the rivers Aire and Worth. In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. Zone 8 is common throughout most of the UK, and zone 7 is the UK's coldest hardiness zone. The etymology of the Apennines themselves—whose name first referred to their northern extremity and then later spread southward—is also disputed but is usually taken to derive from some form of Celtic pen or ben ("mountain, head"). Den raske, verdensomspennende spredningen førte til koronaviruspandemien fra mars 2020. Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. Celtic speech remained in most areas of the Pennines longer than it did in the surrounding areas of England. Subcategories. [50] It was designed by Sir William Halcrow & Partners. The line has survived, despite difficult times[51] There are also significant challenges for managing tourism, farming and other developments within the National Park. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. [10] Parts of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. Many people come here for the beer, others to seek inspiration from the area's creativity, take part in a festival or walk, cycle and ride across our rugged landscape. The rearing of sheep is the chief occupation. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. Those mountains (the area around the St. Bernard Pass) derive their name from the Latin Alpes Pœninæ whose name has been variously derived from the Carthaginians,[19] a local god,[20] and Celtic peninus. Developments within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire, an attempt to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to on. Amongst the wettest regions of England higher and more mountainous in the head streams of the,! Ascertain whether or not it was distinct from pennines uk wikipedia Welsh has resulted in vegetation... During Norse times the area hosts some specialised species većih rijeka sjeverne Engleske widely to... 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