Reflections on the Value of Truth Frederick Schauer Follow this and additional works at:https://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/caselrev Part of theLaw Commons This Symposium is brought to you for free and open access by the Student Journals at Case Western Reserve University School of Law Scholarly Commons. Literature and pop culture are filled with portrayals of ideologues, fanatics, and the delusional; all individuals who consciously or unconsciously ignore the truth about the world or themselves in pursuit of their goals. Indeed, as I mentioned, the value of truth is so often taken as self-evident that we are unlikely to question it. To my mind the value of truth is exceptional. This is true even of figures who pride themselves on their rationality and willingness to face the world as it is, warts and all. Accessibility Statement God did not give us His Word for our affirmation and reinforcement. 41 We would probably end up appealing to cultural norms, pointing to evolutionary drives built into our genetic makeup, or simply expressing a subjective preference for being alive over not existing. Thus, it is necessary to understand the existence of truth in order to have a deeper understanding of knowledge. But one can also think of more local contexts in which the stability of inter-personal relations, even of a very intimate kind, depends on a degree of dishonesty or at least withholding the full truth. Philosophy of art - Philosophy of art - Art as a means to truth or knowledge: One of the things that has been alleged to be the purpose of art is its cognitive function: art as a means to the acquisition of truth. Nietzsche claimed that many people will never be able to get far beyond the false or banal opinions of the “herd” because they are either intellectually or psychologically incapable of facing the truth of reality as it is. These theories all attempt to directly answer the naturequestion: what is the nature of truth? Later, Machiavelli would claim that good rulers must know how to lie effectively if they are to maintain a stable political order. Honesty is a direct reflection of your inner character. Home | We seem to rely on it almost every moment of every day and it's very \"close\" to us. An intelligent and truly honest person would feel compelled to have true justifications for all of their myriad beliefs, and would soon find themselves staring into an abyss of questions which would never end. Why do we search for arguments and facts that confirm our biases? The influence of these archetypal characters is seen in figures like Littlefinger and Cersei from Game of Thrones, or Emperor Palpatine in George Lucas’s Star Wars saga. The implication is that a better society than ours would be one in which far more people were willing to be truthful. Objectives. Then there are other figures who also deny truth, but not just to others, but to themselves. Learning how to be more honest will also help you keep a clear conscious. In that much, truth has instrumental value. This view of truth can be called “subjective” because it gives an individual’s perception the authority to determine reality, rather than the other way around. Or contrast the liberal argument that we all possess an innate dignity and worth with the scientific observation that we are just complex forms of matter in motion. 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