Water enters the plant via root hair cells and travels up to the leaves in tubes called xylem. It is a relatively simple process at its core. What photosynthesis accomplishes, why it's important, and how the light-dependent and light-independent reactions work together. The overall chemical reaction under photosynthesis can be written as “6H2O + 6CO2 -----> C6H12O6+ 6O2.” The process occurs in two stages. It is the process by which plants change the energy in sunlight to kinds of energy that can be stored for later use. Light is absorbed by the pigment 2. Photosynthesis occurs in most plant life but may differ in some. It is easy to think of light as something that exists and allows living organisms, such as humans, to see, but light is a form of energy. Goes through electron transport chain 4. ATP synthase stage ... Write some factors that affect the rate at which photosynthesis occurs. This is the origin of the designation C3 or C 3 in the literature for the cycle and for the plants that use this cycle. Algae and related organic life perform a differentiated process which leads to similar results: the breakdown of carbon dioxide and the production of oxygen. This process of photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts that are found in the leaves of the plant.… Background information: Photosynthesis is the process in which plants go through to produce energy in the form of glucose required to survive. Goes through photosystem II 3. In the case of photosynthesis, light energy is transformed into chemical energy, which autotrophs use to build carbohydrate molecules. These tiny units are found in leaves, and convert light energy to chemical energy, which is the form used by all living organisms. Photosynthesis is not a single chemical reaction, but rather a set of chemical reactions. It is a chemical reaction that involves the use of carbon dioxide, water, and light. There are two kinds of mesophyll cells in our typical leaf. Plants carry out this process in photosynthetic reaction centers. This chemical reaction is called photosynthesis and it supports all other complex life on Earth. Photosynthesis. What are the four main steps of the light dependent reaction. The most outdated name is dark reactions, which can be misleading because it implies incorrectly that the reaction only occurs at night or is independent of light, which is why most scientists and instructors no longer use it. In the first step of the cycle CO 2 reacts with RuBP to produce two 3-carbon molecules of 3-phosphoglyceric acid (3-PGA). The efficiency of the entire process of the photosynthesis varies around 3 – 6%. The first part of the photosynthetic process, often called the light reaction or light-dependant reaction, takes place in the thylakoids. Every leaf is a solar-powered food factory, producing the food a plant requires from simple ingredients: water and carbon dioxide. 1. Other names for light-independent reactions include the Calvin cycle, the Calvin-Benson cycle, and dark reactions. Chlorophyll is a green pigment contained in thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts that is used in photosynthesis … Temperature, light intensity and availability of water. Overview of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is usually represented by the equation 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2. Like all energy, light can travel, change form, and be harnessed to do work. C3 Photosynthesis Plants which use only the Calvin cycle for fixing the carbon dioxide from the air are known as C3 plants. During this process, organisms such as plants go through the light-dependent and light-independent reactions to … Absorbing light The chloroplasts, where photosynthesis occurs, are in the mesophyll cells. 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