What was the need to suddenly justify violence if it was already present in the ancient scriptures without any remorse? Good actions will lead to higher Varna, bad actions will lead to lower Varna. Translation of Bhagavad Gita 3.42. Where all the religions end, spirituality begins. The Bhagavad Gita goes in length to talk about the broad philosophical concepts such as Dharma, Karma, Bhakthi , Yoga ans so forth. In the context of the Bhagavad-Gita it is bad karma not to respect the laws of God and the universe. Performing action at the wrong time, in the wrong place, in the wrong way. The events that led to this war are described in the Mahabharata, a 200 thousand verses long epic by sage Vyasa. It is a religion readjusted to convince people who are under the influence of another philosophy. It is really a merit-based system for the overall good of  society. “ekavarṇama idama pūrvaṃ viśvama āsida yudhiśthira |, karmakriyāviśesena caturvarṇyama pratiśthitama||”, “So, Even the distinction between castes is artificial – and karma determines what profession you’ll belong.”. An unseemly, but not wholly surprising, controversy has broken out in Tamil Nadu after news broke out that Bhagavad Gita and Yoga have been included as part of the 3rd semester curriculum for students studying under the ambit of Anna University. India, the vaccine pharmacy of the world, will export corona vaccine to several countries, Ayodhya: Gujarati diamond merchant donates Rs 11 crore for Ram Mandir temple construction, A real hero offscreen! This equality and revolution was not just theoretical in nature, one can find multiple instances within Buddhist literature where Buddha himself had intentionally appointed kings and Brahmans at ranks lower than or equal to some of their own servants, the lower castes, within the Sangha. Bhagavad Gita was told by Lord Krishna to Arjuna as an advise of what’s right and wrong when Arjuna was hesitant to go to war against his own cousins, the Kauravas. Great Acharyas like Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and great reformers and saints like Swami Vivekananda, Paramahamsa Yogananda, Srila Prabhupada have praised the divine Bhagavad Gita. Its intrinsic beauty is that its knowledge applies to all human beings and does not postulate any sectarian idealogy or secular view. But this finding mention and that too a fearful mention of invasion of a new faith in Mahabharata certainly suggests that by the time these portions were written, Buddhism had already taken a place in Indian society and there was enormous fear among Brahmans about not being able to maintain their social status and religious powers which they had gained by means of dogmatic rituals like fire worshiping and sacrifices and establishing the social order of Caste: all of which  were endangered by the revolution brought in by Buddhism and Jainism. If it were so, then it would not be a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna. The words "right" and "wrong" are very significant in this verse. 3 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 18 “One disciplined by higher mind here casts off good and bad actions,” (Bhagavad Gita, 2:50). Also, the subjects are only part of the philosophy curriculum, which is an elective subject only. The proponents of Hinduism do not criticize one book in favor of the other. Mahabharata was written for nearly 800–1000 years to … Evil in Bhagavad Gita At the beginning of the battle, Arjuna argues that he cannot fight with others as this amounts to injustice to the others. Proponents further claim that nowhere does he mention ‘birth’ as a basis for determining Varna. If anything, Bhagavad Gita does not even mention the word ‘Hindu’, and it refers to only ‘Sanatana Dharma’, which when loosely translated means: Eternal Religion. Let’s come out of the mythological world and take a relook at Gita from a historical and more practical view. But why think of introducing Bhagavad Gita given its religious background is what the critics ask. It gives a philosophical justification against the most important teachings of Buddhism and Jainism, non-violence, at a time when for the first time in human history, the Emperor of a huge country had denounced violence under the influence of spiritual teachings. It's already there on YouTube. I ask back,” said K  Ramakrishnan, another academician in Chennai. For the first time, Caste was made irrelevant for religion. Gita says, an action that gives benefit in the short-term but harms in the long-term is wrong. He contends that the men standing to fight have families and children and it is wrong for him to kill these men. “India is a secular country, but its culture and traditions are undeniably Hindu and you can legitimately fall back on it. Suppose some teachers use wrong reasoning to deny or decry life’s spiritual dimension, then their advice is wrong-headed. [8] I object to this paragraph (and other portions of this article as well) on many grounds, one of them being that there is no reference for the "scholars" who "roughly date the Bhagvad Gita". Before we take a critical view of the Bhagvad Gita in this context, let us see what arguments the proponents have to offer in support of it. 4 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 20 The arguments made in this respect are again based on what Gita itself claims. What is prohibited they engage in and what is ordained they abstain from. The Gita is also said to be a part of the great epic, Mahabharata which is a compilation of 1,00,000 slokas. Christianity is part of their culture. This kind of disregard for Buddhist and Jain monks is also found in Manusmriti where it lays down a rule that forbids giving any food or donations to those monks. There are few more verses in Mahabharata regarding Caste that the proponents use as a justification. One has to work hard for attaining supremacy in society. ... the right and the wrong. An action which appears inconvenient in the short-term but gives benefit in the long-term is right. This discrimination resides in the intellect. The course talks of understanding and western and eastern traditions. For the first time, a spiritual leader had preached equality among human beings without any clauses and conditions. Who is Krishna? In terms of pure, spiritual knowledge the Bhagavad- Gita is incomparable. Rahul Bhalerao is an MBA from IIM Kozhikode, currently working as a Consultant with MindTree Ltd., and is associated with the FOSS Movement. Should the proponents of public (government) schools celebrate Global Teacher Prize 2020 to Mr. Ranjitsinh Disale? If eastern philosophical study has no place for the Gita, then that course is useless,” said a professor at Anna University, who wished to remain anonymous. The interesting part about the Gita is that it is essentially a dialogue between Arjuna and Krishna, right on the grounds of Kurukshetra . The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence. Such misdirect intelligence insists that reality is opposite to how it actually is (Bhagavad-gita 18.32). It is amazing, and surprising to see all the changes so clearly pointed out. (18.37,38) This analysis can be used in many situations to decide. This is wrong, Bhagwat Geeta is not the ultimate book on what we prefer to call Hinduism. How is it that Hinduism, which can hardly be considered as one faith, a homage to hundreds of contradicting spiritual theories, a collection of traditions and rituals that are so exclusively different for each community, caste and region, with a bunch of religious texts including Vedas, Shastras, Puranas, Smritis, each one declaring themselves undisputable, unquestionable and still exhibiting contradictions both within and among themselves, has revered Bhagvad Gita which is only one section of the epic Mahabharata which had a singular purpose of justifying war, to be the one book that is the essence of the entire religion? Lt. Sunita Dixit (Retd) reveals how IAF has transformed her, © Copyright 2021 Asianet News Media & Entertainment Private Limited | All Rights Reserved, Chennai, First Published Sep 25, 2019, 6:48 PM IST. After listening to all such arguments from the proponents, let us see if these are merely self-satisfying justifications or do they hold any real ground. 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