Mumbai's business opportunities attract migrants from all over India. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu, Indian English and some invented words – is spoken on the streets. [372] The schools are affiliated with either of the following boards: The primary education system of the MCGM is the largest urban primary education system in Asia. Mumbai is the financial, commercial,[29] and the entertainment capital of India. It was ranked 41 among the Top 50 Engineering Schools of the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Zing a popular Bollywood gossip channel is also based out of Mumbai. Some 15.4 million live in Greater Mumbai (Mumbai and its suburbs). [324][325][326] The linguistic/ethnic demographics are: Maharashtrians (42%), Gujaratis (19%), with the rest hailing from other parts of India. [48] After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. [260], Water transport in Mumbai consists of ferries, hovercraft and catamarans. Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health and poor civic and educational standards for a large section of the population. [312] Mumbai Metropolitan Region was home to 20,748,395 people by 2011. The total surface area that the city of Mumbai covers comes to 603 kilometers squared (233 square miles) in the megacity itself. The Mumbai Leg of Pro Kabaddi is held at the NSCI, Worli. Find out Greater Mumbai (M Corp.) (Part) WARD NO.-1351 Ward Population, Religion, Literacy and … Though much of the city's population are Marathas,inhabitants of Maharashtra and speaking the Marathi language, Mumbai is a cosmopolitan city. [306] There are also a few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of India. [71] The Mahakali Caves in Andheri were cut out between the 1st century BCE and the 6th century CE. 191 rakes (train-sets) of 9 car and 12 car composition are utilised to run a total of 2,226 train services in the city. [134] In August 1979, a sister township of New Bombay was founded by the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) across the Thane and Raigad districts to help the dispersal and control of Bombay's population. [248] BEST introduced air-conditioned buses in 1998. The key sectors contributing to the city's economy are: finance, gems & jewellery, leather processing, IT and ITES, textiles, and entertainment. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely alluvial and loamy. [345] A week-long annual fair known as Bandra Fair, starting on the following Sunday after 8 September, is celebrated by people of all faiths, to commemorate the Nativity of Mary, mother of Jesus, on 8 September.[346]. Greater Mumbai, a densely populated urban metropolis on the west coast of India, occupies an area of 603.0 sq .kms and is the smallest administrative district in Maharashtra state. Geographical Area (As per Census) Greater Mumbai (sq. Nifty 14,563.45 78.7. Louis. All executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. The city offers a cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle with a variety of food, entertainment, and night life, available in a form and abundance comparable to that in other world capitals. Mumbai has by far the largest number of skyscrapers in India, with 956 existing buildings and 272 under construction as of 2009[update]. [109] The Portuguese presence ended in Bombay when the Marathas under Peshwa Baji Rao I captured Salsette in 1737, and Bassein in 1739. [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. [309] In the east are factories and some slums. [399] The Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also based in the city. [129] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is one of the oldest public libraries in the city. [390] Grant Medical College established in 1845 and Seth G.S. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). As of 2014[update], Mumbai had the highest number of internet users in India with 16.4 million users.[304]. [50], The French traveller Louis Rousselet, who visited in 1863 and 1868, states in his book L’Inde des Rajahs, which was first published in 1877: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple". The sex ratio in 2011 was 838 females per 1,000 males in the island city, 857 in the suburbs, and 848 as a whole in Greater Mumbai, all numbers lower than the national average of 914 females per 1,000 males. The greater Mumbai metropolitan area – comprising the “Mumbai suburban district” as well as the cities of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi, and Kalyan – is home for 21,5 million people. Marathi literature has been modernised in the works of Mumbai-based authors such as Mohan Apte, Anant Kanekar, and Gangadhar Gadgil, and is promoted through an annual Sahitya Akademi Award, a literary honour bestowed by India's National Academy of Letters. The powers of the commissioner are those provided by statute and those delegated by the corporation or the standing committee. [273] It handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015. Uran. [191], Recent estimates of the economy of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is estimated to $151 to $368 billion (PPP metro GDP) ranking it either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. [82] The Pathare Prabhus, among the earliest known settlers of the city, were brought to Mahikawati from Saurashtra in Gujarat around 1298 by Bhimdev. [62][63], Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Isle of Bombay, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's Island (also known as Little Colaba). [27] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. [415] The city is planning to build its own F1 track and various sites in the city were being chalked out, of which the authorities have planned to zero down on Marve-Malad or Panvel-Kalyan land. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. The term had been in use for quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai. The metropolis is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many news channels and print publications having a major presence. [355] Adlabs Imagica opened in April 2013 is located near the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. Mumbai's first professional American football franchise,[405] the Mumbai Gladiators, played its first season, in Pune, in late 2012. [256], The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai. [213], Mumbai had been a traditional stronghold and birthplace of the Indian National Congress, also known as the Congress Party. 2. [249] BEST buses are red in colour, based originally on the Routemaster buses of London. Both GSM and CDMA services are available in the city. [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. [171], The average annual temperature is 27 °C (81 °F), and the average annual precipitation is 2,167 mm (85 in). Mumbai city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Mumbai Metropolitan Region. [254][255], Buses are generally favoured for commuting short to medium distances, while train fares are more economical for longer distance commutes. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. The MCGM also imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 secondary schools. [83] The Delhi Sultanate annexed the islands in 1347–48 and controlled it until 1407. [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. [240], The Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro have been built and are being extended in phases to relieve overcrowding on the existing network. [7] Greater Mumbai, the area under the administration of the MCGM, has a literacy rate of 94.7%, higher than the national average of 86.7%. [189] Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and outsourcing boom in the 2000s. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHansen2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPhadnis (, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534–1661), Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority, City and Industrial Development Corporation, Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai, most or second-most productive metro area, Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, List of educational institutions in Mumbai § Schools, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "This weekend, go on a trail across Mumbai | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Kishori Pednekar's journey: From nursing Shiv Sena's image in BMC to mayoral office", "Mumbai Mayor: Shiv Sena's Kishori Pednekar named Mumbai mayor | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! [36][37] The city houses important financial institutions and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. Slumdog Millionaire an English language British film was shot entirely in Mumbai which has garnered 8 Oscar awards. Newspapers are also printed in other Indian languages. Greater Mumbai is an important part of Mumbai, the city which never sleeps. If approved, the track will be clubbed with a theme park and will spread over an area of some 160 to 200 ha (400 to 500 acres). Mcdowell's Derby is also held in February at the Turf Club in Mumbai. Occasionally, north-east monsoon showers occur in October and November. बृहन्मुंबई महानगरपालिका Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (Disaster Management Department). 1 DP for Greater Mumbai (2014- 2034) Preparatory Studies Report: Part II- Assessment of existing situation 2 Traffic Police 3 DP for Greater Mumbai (2014- 2034) Preparatory Studies Report: Part II- Assessment of existing situation 4 According to a study by IIT Roorkee, 912m was the willingness to walk in Mumbai. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC), established in 1995, formulates special regulations and by-laws to assist in the conservation of the city's heritage structures. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. Mumbai. It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. [64] It is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited. The Indian Badminton League (IBL), now known as the Premier Badminton League is also visiting Mumbai since its inaugural edition in 2013 when the final was held in Mumbai's National Sports Club of India. [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) Metropolitan Population 2011 - 2021. There are 40 Planning Authorities … [331] The oldest Muslim communities in Mumbai include the Dawoodi Bohras, Ismaili Khojas, and Konkani Muslims. The city is also home to Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.[28]. Aptly called the gateway of India, Maharashtra is one of India’s biggest commercial and industrial centres, and it has played a significant role in the country’s… [274] An upgrade plan was initiated in 2006, targeted at increasing the capacity of the airport to handle up to 40 million passengers annually[275] and the new terminal T2 was opened in February 2014. [226], Elections are also held every five years to elect corporators to power in the MCGM. [125] In April 1950, Municipal limits of Bombay were expanded by merging the Bombay Suburban District and Bombay City to form the Greater Bombay Municipal Corporation. [241] The first line of the Mumbai Metro opened in early June 2014. [42][43] This name possibly originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay",[44] and Bombaim is still commonly used in Portuguese. As we all are aware Mumbai’s Development Plans are being redesigned currently and are going to be put in front of us citizens. [287][288][289] India's first underground water tunnel was completed in Mumbai to supply water to the Bhandup filtration plant. The area of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai is 437.37 sq. ", Population and Employment profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region, "Parsis top literacy, sex-ratio charts in city", "Mumbaiites prepare for a bumpy ride this year", "District Census Handbook -MUMBAI SUBURBAN", "Highlights of Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2005–06", "Mumbai's New-Age Builders want a Room at the Top", "Mumbai noisiest city, Delhi at number 4: Central Pollution Control Board", "Muslims of Mumbai (Bombay), major city of India", "Background: A rich history now stained with blood", "Why is India's wealthy Parsi community vanishing? Greater Mumbai, an area of 603 square kilometres (233 sq mi), consisting of the Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts, extends from Colaba in the south, to Mulund and Dahisar in the north, and Mankhurd in the east. [215] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its The Conditional Access System (CAS) started by the Union Government in 2006 met a poor response in Mumbai due to competition from its sister technology Direct-to-Home (DTH) transmission service.[367]. [363], The wide range of cable channels available includes Zee Marathi, Zee Talkies, ETV Marathi, Star Pravah, Mi Marathi, DD Sahyadri (All Marathi channels), news channels such as ABP Majha, IBN-Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. Of course! Mumbai is home to the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)[397] and Indian Premier League (IPL). [99] The population quickly rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535. The two revenue districts of Mumbai come under the jurisdiction of a district collector. [384] The first cricket test match in India was played in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana. Greater Mumbai News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Mumbai consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district and Mumbai Suburban district, which form two separate revenue districts of Maharashtra. 400 703. [364] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. [252][253] The Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) and Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) also operate their buses in Mumbai, connecting various nodes of Navi Mumbai and Thane to parts of Mumbai. A.K. [321], The number of households in Mumbai is forecast to rise from 4.2 million in 2008 to 6.6 million in 2020. [277], The Juhu Aerodrome was India's first airport, and now hosts the Bombay Flying Club and a heliport operated by state-owned Pawan Hans. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. [245] Public buses run by BEST cover almost all parts of the metropolis, as well as parts of Navi Mumbai, Mira-Bhayandar and Thane. According to the United Nations, as of 2018, Mumbai is the second-most populous city in the country after Delhi and the seventh-most populous city in the world with a population of roughly 20 million. [191] Despite competition from Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai has carved a niche for itself in the information technology industry. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. [262], Mumbai is served by National Highway 3, National Highway 4, National Highway 8, National Highway 17 and National Highway 222 of India's National Highways system. Due to a shortage of grounds, various modified versions (generally referred to as gully cricket) are played everywhere. [159] The coastline of the city is indented with numerous creeks and bays, stretching from the Thane creek on the Zone I:- consisting of Greater Mumbai and areas of Thane Municipal Corporation and Mira-Bhayander Municipal Council. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. [212] Mumbai also has two lower courts, the small causes court for civil matters, and the sessions court for criminal cases. [396], Cricket is more popular than any other sport in the city. [343], Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan (formerly Victoria Gardens), which also harbours a garden. [141] In 2008, a series of ten coordinated attacks by armed terrorists for three days resulted in 173 deaths, 308 injuries, and severe damage to several heritage landmarks and prestigious hotels. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. Fault lines in the Maharashtra Police, under the Mumbai rail network spread... And central government employees make up a large polyglot population like all other Metropolitan of... Popularity overseas has carved a niche for itself in the state of India officially changed the English gained of! 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