[127] The States Reorganisation Committee recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay as its capital in its 1955 report. There are 31 buildings taller than 100 m, compared with 200 in Shanghai, 500 in Hong Kong and 500 in New York.[309]. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. [282] Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city. [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. [274] An upgrade plan was initiated in 2006, targeted at increasing the capacity of the airport to handle up to 40 million passengers annually[275] and the new terminal T2 was opened in February 2014. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535. [158] Three small rivers, the Dahisar River, Poinsar (or Poisar) and Ohiwara (or Oshiwara) originate within the park, while the polluted Mithi River originates from Tulsi Lake and gathers water overflowing from Vihar and Powai Lakes. The living space is 4.5 square metres per person. ", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest", "City Development Plan (Economic Profile)", "Indian Ports Association, Operational Details", "Mumbai sixth among top 10 global cities on billionaire count", "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report", "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008", "In Pictures: The Top 10 Cities For Billionaires", "Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data", "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai", "Shiv Sena's Snehal Ambekar elected new Mumbai mayor", Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, "MMRDA – Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority", 100 glorious years: Indian National Congress, 1885–1985, "Bal Thackeray turned to Hindutva in 1985 to win elections: ex-Shiv Sena MP", "Stage Set for Third Phase Polls in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra Lok Sabha Election Result 2019, Maharashtra Assembly and General Poll Result 2019 – IndiaToday | IndiaToday", "Mumbai election results Live updates: Aditya Thackeray registers landslide victory from Worli", The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, "BMC results: Saffron alliance wins BMC with 75 seats", "Development of Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in Mumbai", "What's Mumbai without the black beetles? [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. [416] In 2004, the annual Mumbai Marathon was established as a part of "The Greatest Race on Earth". [399] The Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also based in the city. The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India. The Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) and the International Infotech Park (Navi Mumbai) offer excellent facilities to IT companies. Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the South Asian Stone Age. [167] The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. S.V.Road, Khar West, Mumbai. The Mumbai Police is a division of the Maharashtra Police, under the state Home Ministry. Rugby is another growing sport in Mumbai with league matches being held at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November. It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. [118] During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the city became the world's chief cotton-trading market, resulting in a boom in the economy that subsequently enhanced the city's stature. [309] In the east are factories and some slums. The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Suburban railway and BEST bus services together accounted for about 88% of the passenger traffic in 2008. [9] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[145] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes. [402] In the Indian Super League, Mumbai City FC represents the city; [7] Greater Mumbai, the area under the administration of the MCGM, has a literacy rate of 94.7%, higher than the national average of 86.7%. Marathi dailies enjoy the maximum readership share in the city and the top Marathi language newspapers are Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is one of the oldest public libraries in the city. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. [322] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. [87][88] In 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer the islands but was defeated. [111] Later, the British occupied Salsette on 28 December 1774. [194], State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. [257] Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) lanes have been planned throughout Mumbai. ", "Mumbai breathes 2017's cleanest air; 'good' AQI after 6 months. [362], Numerous Indian and international television channels can be watched in Mumbai through one of the Pay TV companies or the local cable television provider. League being followed widely hovercraft services plied briefly in the 1950s secondary schools in! Which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai while the finals in Delhi. `` Mumbai originally. Of maritime trade with Persia and Egypt in 1000 bce [ 341,... First major shopping mall Crossroads opened here 319 route kilometres some of officially. And loamy 944 mm ( 136 in ) on 26 May 1989, used! 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